Novosibirsk State Pedagogical University Bulletin, 2012, No.5, pp.67-83
UDC: 
612 + 796

Morpho-functional development of youth of different physique types with the account of sports speciality

Girenko L. A. 1 (Novosibirsk , Russian Federation), Golovin M. S. 2 (Novosibirsk, Russian Federation), Ajzman R. I. 2 (Novosibirsk, Russian Federation)
1 Novosibirsk State Pedagogical University
2 Novosibirsk State Pedagogical University, Novosibirsk, Russian Federation
Abstract: 

Authors indicate, there are not enough papers of studying the specific individual-typological morpho-functional development of the young men, engaged skiing and biathlon, especially in conditions of Siberia. In spite of the fact that there are data about morphological criteria of selection of sportsmen, functional features of "skiers-racers" and biathlonists athletes till now are not studied. Moreover, there are no data on features of constitutional type of sportsmen depending on sports specialization.
For an estimation the morphofunctional development of athletes 17-21-years-old functional status, body type, cardio-respiratory system, and type of neuro-muscular apparatus were studied. Mezomorphic type was characterized by greater muscular strength and predominance of the "miksts", ectomorphic type had the best reserves of the cardio-respiratory system and the greater number of "stayers". Athletes of high sport qualifications possessed predominantly the mezomorphic balanced physique.

Keywords: 

skiers, biathlonists, èctomorphy, mezomorphy, functional reserves, "sprinters", "miksts", "stayers".

References: 

1. Butchenko L.A., Kushakovskij M.S. Sports heart. St.P., 1993. 48 p. In Russian.
2. Girenko L., Golovin M. S., Kolmogorov A. B., Aizman R.I. Influence of employment by skiing on morfofunctional and psychologically physiological parameters of health of young men. Novosibirsk State Pedagogical University Bulletin 2012. no. 1 (5). pp. 33-41. In Russian.
3. Kaznacheev V.P., Kaznacheev S.V. Adaptation and Human Constitution. Novosibirsk: Publishing house Nauka, 1986. In Russian.
4. Karpman V.L., Belotserkovsky Z.B., Gudkov I.A. Testing in sports medicine. Moscow: Publishing house Fizkultura & sport, 1988. In Russian.
5. Kornienko I.A., Son′kin V.D., Tambovtseva R.V., Bukreev D.P., Vasilieva R.M. Age development system of muscles and physical performance. Physiology of child development: theoretical and applied aspects. Moscow: Publishing house Education from A till Ya , 2000. pp. 209-230. In Russian.
6. Lysov P.K. Nikityuk B.D., Sapin M.R. Anatomy (the basics of sports morphology. Moscow: Publishing house Medicine, 2003. In Russian.
7. Mikhailov S.S. Biochemical basis of sport working capacity: manual. St. Petersburg: Publishing house St. Petersburg State Academic Physical Culture by P.F.Lesgaft, 2004. In Russian.
8. Mohan R., Glesson M., Grinhaff P.L. Biochemistry of muscle activity and physical exercise Kiev: Publishing house Olympic literature, 2001. In Russian.
9. Rubanovich V.B. Medical-pedagogical supervision in training by physical activity: a training manual. Novosibirsk, 1998. In Russian.
10. Filatov O. M. Morpho-functional peculiarities of youth’ organism of different somatotypes: Thesis of Diss. .. Cand. Med. Sci. Novosibirsk, 1993. In Russian.
11. Hit B.H., Carter J. E.L. Modern methods of somatotype determination. Modern method for determination of somatotypes. Questions of anthropology. Moscow, 1969. pp. 33-19. In Russian.
12. Khrisanova E.N. Constitution and biochemical individuality. Moscow, 1990. In Russian.
13. Yazvikov V.V. Composition of skeletal-muscle fibers of human limbs and the ability to perform different kinds of physical work: Thesis of Diss. . ..Dr. Med.Sci., 1991. In Russian.
14. Parizkova J. Body composition and build as a criterion of physical fitness during growth and development. Physical fitness and its Laboratory Assessment, Universitat Carolina Pragensis, 1970. p. 66. In Russian.

Date of the publication 30.10.2012