Novosibirsk State Pedagogical University Bulletin, 2015, No.2, pp.28-40
UDC: 
811.161.1.37 + 81.374

Ideological semantics as the object of lexicographically different-temporal dictionaries

Tripolskaya T. A. 1 (Novosibirsk, Russian Federation), Bulygina E. Y. 1 (Novosibirsk, Russian Federation)
1 Novosibirsk State Pedagogical University, Novosibirsk, Russian Federation
Abstract: 

Dictionary reflects not only their time, but also forms, sometimes rigidly imposing, a system of “ideological phantoms”. Deideologization dictionaries proved difficult and controversial process that began in the late 1980s.
The article examines issues of ideological interpretation lexicographical minor component included in the area of pragmatic semantics of the word.
In valuable field of society has “eternal” concepts, which are reflected in the vocabulary of native speakers as ideological (according to associative and discursive research). Such content is usually explicated in the dictionary entry, it is meant to reflect and shape the ideological view of the world society, that is exert ideological pressure on the recipient's dictionary. However, there are cases where the pragmatic content of the word it was deliberately hidden to such phenomena is lexicographic token censorship, indicating that “what we have in the recent past there has been no”. Different types of content require a pragmatic and different lexicographical “packaging” that something should be spelled out, something hidden. As a result of definitional and discourse analysis identified ways of veiling the obvious ideological content related to “oversee the implementation of dissent”: a system commenting litter (outdated, overseas, historical, political) and specially selected chronologically labeled illustrations.

Keywords: 

lexicography, semantics, pragmatic meaning, dictionary

For citation:
Bulygina E. Y., Tripolskaya T. A. Ideological semantics as the object of lexicographically different-temporal dictionaries. Novosibirsk State Pedagogical University Bulletin, 2015, no. 2, pp. 28–40. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15293/2226-3365.1502.02

References: 

1. Apresyan Yu. D. Pragmatic information for explanatory dictionary. Pragmatics and problems intensionality.  Moscow, USSR Academy of Sciences Publ., 1987, pp. 3–22. (In Russian)

2. Sklyarevskaya G. N. On the question of pragmatic information in the Dictionary: are pragmatic litters?  Linguistic pragmatics in the dictionary. St. Petersburg, Institute of Linguistic Studies Russian Academy of Sciences Publ., 1997, pp. 6–13. (In Russian)

3. Telia V. N. Connotative aspect of semantics of nominative units. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1986, 141 p. (In Russian)

4. Kobozeva I. M. Linguistic semantics. Moscow, Editorial URSS Publ., 2000, 450 p. (In Russian)

5. Telia V. N. Connotation. Linguistic encyclopedic dictionary. (Ed.) V. N. Yartseva. Moscow, Great Russian Encyclopedia Publ., 2002, 236 p. (In Russian)

6. Dictionary of Russian. (Ed.) D. N. Ushakov, 4 vol., Moscow, Soviet Encyclopedia Publ., 1935–1940. (In Russian)

7. Aznaurova E. S. Pragmatics of art word. Tashkent, Fan Publ., 1988, 121 p. (In Russian)

8. Langakker R. An Interview with Ronald Langacker, by Jozsef Andor. In Acta Linguistica Hungarica. Cognitive Grammar: The State of the Art and Related Issues. 2005, Vol. 52 (4), pp. 341–366.

9. Archangelskiy A. This mother war. Available at: http://www.echo.msk.ru/blog/echomsk/1380510-echo/ (accessed: 10.10.2014). (In Russian)

10. Dictionary of modern Russian literary language. Vol. 17. Moscow, Leningrad, USSR Academy of Sciences Publ., 1948–1965. (In Russian)

11. Dictionary of Russian language. Vol. 4 (Ed.) A. P. Evgenyeva. Moscow, Russian Language Publ., 1981–1984. (In Russian)

12. Dal V. I. Explanatory Dictionary of Russian Language. 4 vol. 1903–1909. Moscow, Terra Publ., Book Club Publ., 1998. (In Russian)

13. Dictionary of Foreign Words that are included in the Russian language F. Pavlenkova 1907. New-York, Acad. Bookstore. M. Meisel Publ., 1921, 359 p. Available at: http://www.knigafund.ru/books/27199/read#page1  (accessed: 10.10.2014) (In Russian)

14. Nabokov V. Lectures on Russian literature. St. Petersburg, Abc – Classic Publ., 2010, 446 p. (In Russian)

15. Soviet Encyclopedia of History. Moscow, Soviet Encyclopedia Publ., 1982. (In Russian)

16. Ozhegov S. I., Shvedova N. Y. Dictionary of Russian language. Moscow, Az Publ., 1994. (In Russian)

17. Ozhegov S. I. Russian dictionary. (Ed.) S.P. Obnorsky. Moscow, State. ed. foreign. and nat. dictionaries Publ., 1949. (In Russian)

18. Ozhegov S. I. Russian dictionary. Moscow, Sov. encyclopedia Publ., 1964. (In Russian)

19. Gus'kova A. P., Sotin B. V. Popular Dictionary of the Russian language. Glossary and encyclopedic.  Russian language Media Publ., 2003. Available at: http://www.cataloxy.ru/books/1560938_populyarnyy-slovar-russkogo-yazyka-tolkovo-entsiklopedicheskiy.htm (accessed: 10.10.2014) (In Russian)

20. Efremova T. F. Large modern Dictionary of Russian language. Available at: http://www.lingvoonline.ru/ru/LingvoDictionaries/Details?dictionary=Explanatory+(Ru-Ru) (accessed: 10.10.2014). (In Russian).

21. Great Dictionary of the Russian Language. (ed.) S. A. Kuznetsov. St. Petersburg, Norit Publ., 1998, 1536 p. (In Russian).

22. Russian National Corpus. Available at: http://www.ruscorpora.ru (accessed: 10.10.2014). (In Russian).

Date of the publication 06.04.2015