Novosibirsk State Pedagogical University Bulletin, 2018, No.1, pp.158-172
UDC: 
101+930

Problem of developing new theoretical models of cross-cultural interaction in the context of implementation of The new silk road initiative

Chistanov M. N. 1 (Abakan, Russian Federation), Chistanova S. S. 1 (Abakan, Russian Federation), Maslova T. 2 (Dahlonega, United States of America), Kudryashov I. S. 3 (Novosibirsk, Russian Federation)
1 Khakass State University
2 University of North Georgia
3 Novosibirsk State University
Abstract: 

Introduction. The authors identify difficulties in implementation of multiculturalism policy and reveal weak points in ethnic-cultural identity models dominating in social researches over the last several decades but along with it possible theoretical restrictions of the alternative models of cross-cultural interaction constructed on other ontological principles.
Materials and Methods. The research is based on the ideas of new post-multicultural approach to the analysis of the interaction of cultures realizing descriptive, explanatory and predictive functions of social knowledge on the basis of methodology of systemic, activity and cultural- historical approaches in modern conditions. The methodical base of the research consists in methods of phenomenological description, interpretation, comparison, and comparative analysis of works by Russian and Foreign researchers in the sphere of ethnic-cultural identity and interactions.
Results. The authors analyze evolution of ideas of ethnic identity nature and ways of settling inter-ethnic and inter-confessional conflicts. In the conditions of crisis of the idea of multiculturalism it is possible to consider the alternative models of cross-cultural interaction: concepts of 'melting pot' and ‘salad bowl’, and also their shortcomings and restrictions. The authors reveal that the concept of geographical determinism, which has been considered as outdate, unexpectedly becomes relevant for understanding the mechanisms of cross-cultural and interfaith interaction in modern conditions.
Conclusions. The authors emphasize that within the context of implementation of such transcontinental initiatives as “The New Silk road" the China-centrist model of cross-cultural interaction could take the place of the multiculturalism model which has compromised itself. This new model leaves an ethnic component of culture out of the sphere of its attention. In conditions of changing paradigms of cross-cultural interaction, dependence of civil harmony and wellbeing on creation of dialogue of ethnic cultures, which is traditional for European philosophy, risks to become absolutely unclaimed.

Keywords: 

Multiculturalism; Post-multiculturalism; Globalization; Ethnic identity; Cultural identity; Cross-cultural interaction; Geographical determinism; Cultural landscape; New Silk Road.

References: 
  1. Aksyutin Y. M., Tyshta E. V. Transformations of Supra-Ethnic Identity under Conditions of Russian Federalism Formation: Regional Aspect. Historical, Philosophical, Political and Law Sciences, Culturology and Study of Art. Issues of Theory and Practice, 2013, no. 1-2, pp. 16–20. (In Russian). URL: https://elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=20796673
  2. Anan'evа E. P.   Types and Forms of Functioning of Multiculturalism. Bulletin of Udmurt University. Series Philosophy. Psychology. Pedagogy, 2016, vol. 26, no. 4, pp. 7–14. (In Russian) URL: https://elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=27673768
  3. Belskaya Yu. V. Economic Man in the Liberal and Neo-Liberal Economic Theory. Bulletin of Orenburg State University, 2015, no. 4, pp. 244–249. (In Russian). URL:  https://elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=24097629
  4. Borisova M. V.  City and problem of cultural diversity: from multiculturalism to inter-culturalism. Bulletin of Russian Nation, 2013, vol. 6, no. 6, pp. 119–129. (In Russian). URL: https://elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=20900836
  5. Borisova M. V.  Theory and Practice of Interculturalism in the Modern World. Journal of Historical, Philological and Cultural Studies, 2014, no. 2, pp. 367–374. (In Russian).  URL: https://elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=22591906
  6. Golovko N. V.  Neoliberal Conception of Science and Epistemic Modernization. Siberian Journal of Philosophy, 2013, vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 24–29. (In Russian). URL: https://elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=19120025
  7. Zhitin D., Krasnov A., Shendrik A.  Geography of European Migration. Baltic Region, 2016, vol. 8, no. 3, pp. 75–92. (In Russian) DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5922/2074-9848-2016-3-5 URL:  https://elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=26683139
  8. Izluchenko T. V.  Use of Methods of Symbolic Anthropology in the Study of Islamic Extremism. Bulletin of Irkutsk State University. Series Political Science and Religion Studies, 2017, vol. 19, pp. 165–176. (In Russian). URL: https://elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=28147660
  9. Krestyanova L. S. Interethnic Relationships and Migration Process at the Regional Level: Problems and Main Trends of Development. Economy of Region, 2016, vol. 12, no. 3, pp. 815–825. (In Russian) DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17059/2016-3-17 URL: https://elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=26570501
  10. Kuropjatnik A. Multiculturalism: Ideology and Politics of the Social Stability in the Polyethnic Societies. Journal of Sociology and Social Anthropology, 2000, vol. III, no. 2, pp. 53–66. (In Russian) URL: https://elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=17231937
  11. Kuropjatnik A. I., Kuropjatnik M. S.  Postmulticulturalism: Some approaches to the study of contemporary social and cultural processes. RUDN Journal of Sociology, 2017, vol. 17, no. 2, pp.  145–156. (In Russian) DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.22363/2313-2272-2017-17-2-145-156 URL: https://elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=28998072
  12. Lyalina A.  Supranational Policy of Migrant Integration in the EU. Baltic Region, 2014, no.  2, pp. 128–145.  (In Russian) DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5922/2074-9848-2014-2-8 URL: https://elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=21617568
  13. Oleinik V. I. The Vertical and Horizontal Islamization of Western Europe in the Context of Migration Crisis. Vlast’ (The Authority), 2016, no. 5, pp. 181–184. (In Russian) URL: https://elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=26113892
  14. Fedyunina S. M. Tolerance in a Multicultural Society of the XXI Century: Myth or Condition for the Survival of Civilization?. Bulletin of the Volga Region Institute of Administration, 2015, no. 2, pp. 102–109. (In Russian) URL: https://elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=23273555
  15. Khamidulin V. S. Theoretical perspectives in immigrant incorporation research. Humanities Research in the Russian Far East, 2016, no. 1, pp. 49–60. (In Russian) URL: https://elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=25817352
  16. Chernyak A. Policy of Multiculturalism European Experience for Russia. PolitBook, 2015, no. 2, pp. 133–148. (In Russian) URL: https://elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=23828292
  17. Altweck L., Marshall T. C. When You Have Lived in a Different Culture, Does Returning ‘Home’ Not Feel Like Home? Predictors of Psychological Readjustment to the Heritage Culture. PLOS ONE, 2015, no. 10 (5), pp. e0124393. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0124393
  18. Anzhiganova L., Asochakova V., Topoeva M. Ethno-confessional neotraditionalism in a globalized world: Search for basis of identification. Revista de Humanidades, 2017, vol. 30, pp. 141–154. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5944/rdh.30.2017.18206
  19. Bradley W. Multiculturalism Beyond Culture: Notes On Leaving Race Behind. Working Paper Series Studies on Multicultural Societies, 2014, no. 29, pp. 1–18. URL: http://afrasia.ryukoku.ac.jp/phase2/english/publication/index.html
  20. Dellios R. Silk Roads of the Twenty-first Century: The Cultural Dimension. Asia & the Pacific Policy Studies, 2017, vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 225–236. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/app5.172
  21. Fleras A. Moving positively beyond multiculturalism: Toward a post-multicultural governance of complex diversities in a diversifying Canada. Zeitschrift für Kanada-Studien. Eds K. Sarkowsky, M. Thunert, D. G. Eibl. 2015, vol. 35, part 64, pp. 63–89. URL: https://www.wissner.com/verlagsprogramm/sach-und-fachbuecher/kanadistik/zeitschrift-fuer-kanadastudien/zeitschrift-fur-kanada-studien-11-detail
  22. Fleras A. Multicultural Media in a Post-Multicultural Canada? Rethinking Integration. Global Media Journal, 2015, vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 25–47. URL: http://www.gmj.uottawa.ca/1502/v8i2_fleras.pdf
  23. Houston S. D., Morse Ch. The Ordinary and Extraordinary: Producing Migrant Inclusion and Exclusion in US Sanctuary Movements. Studies in Social Justice, 2017, vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 27–47. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.26522/ssj.v11i1.1081
  24. Kulwicka-Kamińska J. Culture as a distinctive feature of an ethnic group (based on the example of translated handwritten literature of Polish-Lithuanian Tatar). Journal of Language and Cultural Education, 2016, vol. 4 (2), pp. 138–152. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/jolace-2016-0021
  25. Modood T. Part three. The fault lines of multiculturalism: A rejoinder. Critical Social Policy, 2014, no. 34, issue 1, pp. 135–139. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0261018313501828
  26. Safronov S. Russian population ethnic structure: trends and transformations. Baltic Region, 2015, no. 3 (25), pp. 106–120. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5922/2079-8555-2015-3-9
  27. Yang X.-l., Liu L., Shi Y.-y., Li Y.-s., Tan X., Hu X.-m., Sun X.-m. The Relationship between Cultural Anxiety and Ethnic Essentialism: The Mediating Role of an Endorsement of Multicultural Ideology. PLOS ONE, 2015, vol. 10 (11), pp. e0141875. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0141875
Date of the publication 28.02.2018